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Thursday, November 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Fiscal institutions and public sector labor markets found in the catalog.

Fiscal institutions and public sector labor markets

James M. Poterba

Fiscal institutions and public sector labor markets

  • 75 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Local officials and employees -- Salaries, etc. -- United States -- Econometric models.,
  • State governments -- Officials and employees -- Salaries, etc. -- United States -- Econometric models.,
  • Fiscal policy -- United States -- States -- Econometric models.,
  • Local taxation -- United States -- Econometric models.,
  • Property tax -- United States -- States -- Econometric models.,
  • Wage differentials -- United States -- States -- Econometric models.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJames M. Poterba, Kim S. Rueben.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- working paper 6659, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 6659.
    ContributionsRueben, Kim S., National Bureau of Economic Research.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHB1 .W654 no. 6659
    The Physical Object
    Pagination37 p. :
    Number of Pages37
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22402767M

    Chapter 1 Reading.   Corruption affects public sector the more likely this will introduce destabilizing uncertainty into financial markets, and the higher the probability that a financial and fiscal crisis may. This program explores the structure of markets and institutions operating in the financial sector. Research builds on the work of the late Distinguished Scholar Hyman P. Minsky—notably, his financial instability hypothesis—and explores the institutional, regulatory, and market arrangements that contribute to financial instability.


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Fiscal institutions and public sector labor markets by James M. Poterba Download PDF EPUB FB2

Fiscal Institutions and Public Sector Labor Markets James M. Poterba, Kim S. Rueben. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in July NBER Program(s):Public Economics This paper investigates how state and local fiscal institutions affect the pattern of relative wages between state and local government employees and their private sector by: Downloadable.

This paper investigates how state and local fiscal institutions affect the pattern of relative wages between state and local government employees and their private sector counterparts.

It focuses on changes in relative wages during the period. Empirical analysis of data from the Current Population Survey suggests that in places with limitations on local property taxes.

Fiscal Institutions and Public Sector Labor Markets. public sector labor markets are large — in most developed countries the public sector workforce accounts for over 15% of total employment. This paper investigates how state and local fiscal institutions affect the pattern of relative wages between state and local government employees and their private sector counterparts.

It focuses on changes in relative wages during the by: w Fiscal Institutions and Public Sector Labor Markets National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA ; ; email: [email protected] Contact Us. Public sector wages plays an important role in achieving the efficient allocation.

High wages induce too many unemployed to queue for public sector jobs, while if they are low, the government faces recruitment problems. The optimal steady-state wage premium depends mainly on the labour market friction parameters.

In response to technology. Downloadable. I build a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with search and matching frictions in order to study the labour market effects of public sector employment and wages. Public sector wages are important to achieve the effcient allocation. High wages induce too many unemployed to queue for public sector jobs, raising unemployment.

–90, show that public-sector employment decreases unemployment in the short run, whereas there is no significant long-run effect. Boeri, Nicoletti, and Scarpetta () include public employment, along with labor market institutions, as an explanatory variable for the.

Founded inthe NBER is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to conducting economic research and to disseminating research findings among academics, public policy makers, and business professionals.

Public sector companies are relatively better placed than private-sector counterparts in mobilizing funds from the market because of Government backing Public sector entities may be asked by Government to fund the Government budget deficit by way of declaring the dividend which is not the case of private sector.

In this collection, experts focus on issues of fiscal policy, monetary policy and labour markets and ask: Can the stability and growth pact provide an adequate framework for the conduct of national fiscal policies.

Is the ECB reacting with competence and flexibility to. While a broad set of the literature examines the role of labor market institutions in reducing the Okun’s coefficient, not much evidence has been provided on the role played by fiscal variables, namely fiscal policy instruments and episodes of fiscal expansions or fiscal consolidation.

3 The Effects of Public Sector Labor Laws on Labor Market Institutions and Outcomes Richard B. Freeman and Robert G. Valletta In this paper we seek to determine the impact Fiscal institutions and public sector labor markets book labor laws on the collective bargaining status, wages, and employment of local govern- ment workers in the United States.

We use the new data on state public. The fiscal policy of a government has a direct influence on that country's economy. The government is involved in fiscal policy any time that it makes payments, purchases goods and services, or even collects taxes.

Any change in the government's fiscal policy affects the economy as well as individuals. investigating the importance of labor market institutions and other factors in explaining unemployment patterns.5 Within the realm of fiscal policy, lower tax wedges, who explore the consequences of public-sector employment for labor market performance.

Using pooled cross-section and annual time-series data for 17 OECD. labour market. In her setting, an increase in public sector employment, wages or unemploy-ment bene ts, raises the wage in the private sector and thus unemployment. Algan, Cahuc, and Zylberberg () in a partial equilibrium version nd that, if public sector wages are low, an increase in public sector employment can reduce unemployment.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xxiii, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm: Contents: Fundamental principles of public finance --Logic of the budget process --Budget structures and institutions: federal and state-local --Budget methods and practices --Budget classifications and reform --Capital budgeting, public infrastructure, and project evaluation.

First, it proposes structural reform policies to promote economic growth, macroeconomic integrity, and a resilient labor market. Second, it suggests the reorientation of social protection systems toward poverty alleviation, wealth accumulation, adequate social security for all, and fiscal sustainability.

Fiscal policy and financial markets. The Economic Journal (November): – Akitoby, B. and T. Stratmann. The value of institutions for financial markets: evidence from emerging markets. Review of World Economics.

Forthcoming. Alesina, A., and R. Perotti. Fiscal adjustments in OECD countries: composition and macroeconomic. Theoretically and empirically informed studies on the role and efficiency of the public sector, public wage and employment policy, privatization, tax policy, and fiscal sustainability.

The public sector has grown substantially in the last fifty years. In the euro area, for example, total government expenditures have been around fifty percent of GDP since the early s, resulting in a growing. In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (taxes or tax cuts) and expenditure (spending) to influence a country's economy.

The use of government revenues and expenditures to influence macroeconomic variables developed as a result of the Great Depression, when the previous laissez-faire approach to economic management became unpopular.

l Common regional regimes (single market and common currency) l Harmonization of tax and expenditure rules l Coping with pressures from the global economy l These require a public sector that l Uses and accounts for resources efficiently and transparently l Facilitates government and private sector business through its institutions.

Demand for labor may also fall if workers lack the necessary skills because of inadequate training or education. Reforming education and improving on-the-job training programs can help restore demand for labor.­ Public institutions: The performance of public institutions can significantly affect a country’s economic environment.

For example. BIG RED LIVE. Home Teachers. Hello. Welcome to Exploding Public Debt, consequences for fixed income markets and the future of fiscal policy. The private sector is doing actually a remarkable job. It's the public sector that's really holding us back. run through Unfortunately, this is a feature of the labor market.

When you've run through the normal majority. The course will expose city officials and practitioners to cutting edge tools on vulnerability assessments, policies and programs, stock-taking and gaps analysis, and financial access.

Download Exploring Economics,5th edition by Robert Sexton for Administration, Social and Management science students Modibbo Adama University of Technology [Scarcity.

FISCAL ADMINISTRATION, Tenth Edition, gives you the power to understand public finances as a participant who can put the process together, not just as a bystander.

With U.S. federal, state, and local budgets, financial reports, and other documents, you can see how policymakers and administrators operate and learn skills needed to function in Reviews: Differences in labor market institutions across countries and industries provide a source of comparative advantage and shape the impact of trade liberalization on aggregate unemployment.

50 Reductions in a country’s labor market frictions in the differentiated sector raise its own welfare, by expanding the size of its differentiated sector. sector expenditure were critical in reducing the net debt of the public sector (public sector liabilities minus public sector assets).

Together with accumulated surpluses in a separate fiscal stabilisation fund, the new fiscal framework has strengthened the role of monetary policy. Labor markets and institutions; Public sector outsourcing Updated while the scope for economic growth through increased labor input diminishes.

Fiscal sustainability of the welfare state calls for a high employment rate among people of working age. Recent increases in employment contribute favorably to public finances, but high overall. The harsh recession and deep state budget crisis triggered by COVID are causing sizable public-sector job losses, especially in K and higher education, the latest jobs data show.

More large, flexible federal fiscal aid — which stalled in Congress even as the crisis intensified — is needed to reverse as many of these losses as possible and prevent new ones. Fiscal policy, public debt management and government bond markets: the case for the Philippines Diwa C Guinigundo1 Abstract The fiscal health of the Philippines has improvesignificantly over the past decade.

d Notwithstanding the dividends from reforms, challenges remain for the Philippines on the fiscal. Public sector, portion of the economy composed of all levels of government and government-controlled enterprises.

It does not include private companies, voluntary organizations, and households. The general definition of the public sector includes government ownership or control rather than mere function and thereby includes, for example, the exercise of public authority or the implementation.

The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.

Public sectors include public goods and governmental services such as the military, law enforcement, infrastructure (public roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications, etc.), public transit, public education, along with.

The Nordic model comprises the economic and social policies as well as typical cultural practices common to the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden).

This includes a comprehensive welfare state and multi-level collective bargaining based on the economic foundations of social corporatism, with a high percentage of the workforce unionized and a large percentage of the. Keynesian economics (/ ˈ k eɪ n z i ə n / KAYN-zee-ən; sometimes Keynesianism, named for the economist John Maynard Keynes) are various macroeconomic theories about how economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy).In the Keynesian view, aggregate demand does not necessarily equal the productive capacity of the economy.

Recent fiscal negotiations have not yet materialized into a new stimulus package, and the expiration of extra unemployment insurance benefits presents downside risk to consumer spending in the coming months.

The labor market has improved rapidly, but employment remains. Labor market adjustment continues, with firms scaling down jobs and the unemployment rate near record levels.

And, particularly pernicious given the extent of corporate and public debt burdens, deflation persists at about 1 percent a year, with surveys suggesting this is likely to continue for some time to come. The economic history of Argentina is one of the most studied, owing to the "Argentine paradox", its unique condition as a country that had achieved advanced development in the early 20th century but experienced a reversal, which inspired an enormous wealth of literature and diverse analysis on the causes of this decline.

Since independence from Spain inthe country has defaulted on its. Short-term measures will likely increase the wage bill.

As a result, in the recovery and resilience phase, priority must be given to fiscal consolidation, the reduction of labor market distortions that may hurt private sector job creation, and an increase in the productivity of the public sector so that more outputs are produced per worker.

Washington, DC: The human and economic costs of the COVID pandemic have been devastating in the euro area. The policy response by European authorities has been noteworthy for its speed, scope and scale. But the nascent recovery is under threat from the large ongoing second wave of the virus, and formidable policy challenges to counter the pandemic and facilitate a durable recovery .A huge contribution of Viral's book is to broaden the definition of fiscal dominance - beyond its effect on monetary policies, and to include the effect on financial regulations more broadly.

This is especially important for a full service central bank of a large emerging market like India.